Fruit Crop Propagation Method - Bud Grafting | UNIVERSITY AGRICULTURE PARK
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Fruit Crop Propagation Method - Bud Grafting

Introduction

In general, propagation of fruit crops by bud grafting is a method of attached a part from selected crop (bud) to the rootstock before a new seedlings is produced.

Among the fruit crops that are suitable for this method bud grafting are durian, rambutan and pulasan.

 

Advantages

  • Maintains original fruit crops characteristics
  • Popular among plant breeders

 

Disdvantages

  • Requires skills
  • Requires rootstock
  • Low success percentage (depending on skills)

 

Equipment and Materials

 
Buds   Rootstock (sown from seeds that are 5-7 months old)
     
  
Grafting knife, scateur, binding tape


Methods

 
Remove small leaves/twigs at the place where grafting will be made using grafting knife or scateur
 
Make two (2) vertical cuts about 1-3cm at the middle of the stem of the rootstock using  grafting knife
 
Make a horizontal cut on top of the two (2) vertical cuts made earlier
 
Peel the bark on the rootstock and cut at the bottom of the vertical cuts made earlier
 
Leave a little bit of bark at the bottom of the vertical cuts to make it easier for the bud to be inserted later
 
On the twigs, select the appropriate bud
 
Make two (2) vertical cuts about 1-3cm on the sides of the bud
 
Peel the bud from the twigs
 
Remove the wood layer behind the bud
 
Avoid touching the inside of the bud
 
Insert the bud to the exposed part on the rootstock
 
Tie the grafted part using binding tape, be sure to avoid tying on the bud
 
The ties must not loose so that the bud and the rootstock are bonded neatly
 
Depending on the type of fruit crop, after 14-30 days, new shoots will appear
 
Removes the binding tape
 
If no new shoots appear, bud grafting can be repeated at other side the rootstock

 

Conclusion

The propagation of fruit crops by bud grafting can be tried according to the suitability of the fruit crops as well as the respective skills.

 

 

Photo Credits: Junizawati Mohd. Zin, Agriculture Officer, University Agriculture Park

Date of Input: 22/06/2021 | Updated: 22/06/2021 | syedghazali

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